Osteoarthritis Treatment | Knee osteoarthritis | How to treat osteoarthritis | Arthritis treatment | Arthritis exercise | osteoarthritis nclex
0:22 What is Osteoarthritis
0:46 Osteoarthritis medicine
0:52 Acetaminophen for Osteoarthritis
1:22 NSAIDs for Osteoarthritis
2:31 Duloxetine for Osteoarthritis
2:40 Capsaicin cream for Osteoarthritis
3:08 Cortisone and Hyaluronidase injection for for Osteoarthritis
3:45 Surgeries for Osteoarthritis
4:12 Joint replacement surgery for Osteoarthritis
4:32 TENS for Osteoarthritis
4:50 Physical and occupational therapy for Osteoarthritis
Here we have discuss the latest treatment options of osteoarthritis. Which treatment option would be suitable for you and how to reduce the sudden arthritic pain.
We have also shared some tips to avoid or reduce the unwanted side-effects of arthritis medicine.
What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a very common condition which can affect any joint in the body. It’s most likely to affect the joints that bear most of our weight, such as the knees, feet, Hip and Back. Joints that we use a lot in everyday life, such as the joints of the hand, are also commonly affected.
Medicines for osteoarthritis:
For mild to moderate pain you can take acetaminophen, which is commonly known as Paracetamol.
The recommended dose is 500mg and the maximum dose is 1000mg thrice a day.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, naproxen sodium are the most popular drugs to treat osteoarthritic pain. They can be used topically or orally. They are 30% more effective than acetaminophen medicines.
-How to prevent NSAIDs side effects?
NSAIDs applied topically over the affected joint in the gel form have fewer side effects and may relieve pain just as well.
Take this medication only when it is necessary. This will reduce the medication related toxicities.
This medication is also approved to treat chronic pain, including osteoarthritis pain.
It is made from the pepper plant (capsicum) and is an effective painkiller. It’s particularly useful for knee and hand osteoarthritis.
Apply regularly three times each day.
Surgical and other invasive options:
-Injections of a corticosteroid into your joint might relieve pain for a few weeks or sometimes a few months.
-Injections of hyaluronic acid might relieve pain by providing some cushioning in your knee.
If osteoarthritis has damaged one side of your knee more than the other, then the natural weight bearing line is shifted. In that case an osteotomy might be helpful.
In a knee osteotomy,
a surgeon cuts across the bone either above or below the knee, and then removes or adds a wedge of bone. This shifts your body weight away from the worn-out part of your knee
In joint replacement surgery, your surgeon removes your damaged joint surfaces and replaces them with plastic and metal parts. Surgical risks include infections and blood clots. Artificial joints can wear out or come loose and might eventually need to be replaced.
Therapies available for Osteoarthritis
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is helpful for pain relief. This method uses a low-voltage electrical current to relieve pain. It provides short-term relief for some people with knee and hip osteoarthritis.
A physical therapist can show you exercises to strengthen the muscles around your joint, increase your flexibility and reduce pain. Regular gentle exercise that you do on your own, such as swimming or walking, can be equally effective
An occupational therapist can help you discover ways to do everyday tasks without putting an extra stress on your already painful joint.
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